Smoking has been known to cause various health diseases in the body. It has also been informed through the information embedded on the cigarette packs. Still, many people are still unwilling to quit smoking. Smoking does not only affect the smokers themselves but also people around them that accidentally inhaling the cigarette smokes. The danger of smoking clearly causes health issues on people we see today, but its risk is often overlooked.

Smoking can kill and cause many health diseases though the effects may not be immediately seen. The common health disease risks are coronary heart such as heart failure or a heart attack and peripheral artery disease (P.A.D) which cause the problem with the arteries that carry blood to organs. The chemicals in tobacco can also contribute to inflammation, damage blood vessel walls, disturb normal heart rhythms, increase blood pressure, lower HDL cholesterol, raise LDL cholesterol, increase triglyceride level and make the blood difficult to carry oxygen (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2016). People who smoke are at risk for certain types of cancers, lung and respiratory problems, fertility problems, menstrual problems, and premature death (Government of Canada, 2016). Pregnant women who smoke are also at risk for premature delivery and having a low birth weight baby (Government of Canada, 2016). With all these pieces of evidence shown that smoking has huge adverse effects on health that should be taken seriously.

People who don’t smoke were also at risk of having health diseases when they exposed to second-hand smoke. Second-hand smoke is smoke that comes from the burning cigarettes or a smoke exhaled by a person who is smoking. Second-hand smoke can affect nonsmokers the same way as the people who smoke. It can cause heart problems, lung cancer, breathing problems, excessive coughing, throat irritation and premature death (Government of Canada, 2016). Children who inhale the second-hand smoke are at risk for respiratory illnesses, asthma attacks, ear infections, phlegm, wheezing, breathlessness, lung function (Government of Canada, 2016). Infants that are exposed to second-hand smoke are also at risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) (Government of Canada, 2016). According to American Heart Association, there is 34,000 premature heart disease deaths and 7,300 lung cancer that is caused by second-hand tobacco smoke (American Heart Association, 2015). The study also shows about 25-30 percent higher among people that are at risk of developing heart disease (American Heart Association, 2015). It clearly shows that second-hand smoke is as dangerous as smoking the cigarette itself.

Smoking is still common among people in spite of knowing the danger of smoking. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are approximately 42.1 million people in America who are consistent smokers (Public Health, 2016) and about 2,100 youth and young adults turn into daily smokers after starting to smoke for some time (Public Health, 2016). It suggests that the biggest problem is not the lack of knowledge about the danger of smoking but the lack of awareness among smokers. The majority of smokers often understand and know the risk of smoking, yet they are still reluctant to stop smoking.

There is no doubt that smoking can cause various health diseases but many smokers still do not care about their health and the health of others. The government is expected to do more and take more action to ban the use of tobacco in public places, restrict the production of tobacco and regulate the consumers who want to buy the tobacco.

References:

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2016). What Are the Risks of Smoking?. Retrieved June 24, 2017, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/smo/risks

Government of Canada. (2016). Risks of smoking. Retrieved June 24, 2017, from
https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/smoking-tobacco/effects-smoking/smoking-your-body/risks-smoking.html

American Heart Association. (2015). Smoking: Do you really know the risks?. Retrieved June 24, 2017, http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/HealthyLiving/QuitSmoking/QuittingSmoking/Smoking-Do-you-really-know-the-risks_UCM_322718_Article.jsp

Public Health. (2016). Smoking in America. Retrieved June 24, 2017, from http://www.publichealth.org/public-awareness/smoking-in-america/

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